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ARMENIA
Overview

Armenia is a country of high mountains, forestry canyons, gurgling springs and flowering meadows. This land of ancient culture, old legends and Biblical stories is often called an open-air museum.

Map of ArmeniaArmenia's history dates back to the third millennium BC. The Armenian upland is considered as one of the cradles of human civilization. Primitive stone tools, made about half a million years ago are found at the foothills of Mt. Aragats and in the canyon of River Hrazdan. The country was mentioned in the Bible as the Armenian Kingdom, Urartu, and shown among six countries on the Babylonian clay tablet (5th century BC).

Christianity in Armenia began since the times when Christ's Apostles St. Thaddeus and Bartholomew preached in Armenia around 100 AD.  St. Grigor the Illuminator was tortured and imprisoned by the King Trdat for his attempts to establish Christianity.

 

 

 

AlphabetArmenians are among oldest and most distinct ethnic groups, having inhabited the area east and south of the Black Sea since the seventh century BC. Both the Armenian alphabet and the Armenian church date back to the fourth century and remain substantially unchanged today. Ancient Armenia has left a legacy of many gifted artists, writers, and philosophers.

Since 11th century Armenia lost its independence and for centuries remained under the rule of other states. In 1918 Armenia declared its independence by forming the first Republic on May 28. For 70 years, beginning from 1920, Armenia had been one of the Soviet Republics. In 1991 Armenia regained independence, becoming a Presidential Republic. The present Constitution of Armenia was adopted on July 5, 1995. Armenia joined the CIS in March 1992 and CIS Defence Treaty in May 1992.

Armenia is situated in the South-western Asia, has aterritory of 29.800 sq. km. and altitudes 1000 to 2500 m above the sea level. Its climate ranges from dry subtropical to cold mountain weather. The information about current weather in Yerevan, Armenia could be obtained from one of the following sources:

MatenadaranYEREVAN is the capital of Armenia. The city inherited its name from the Erebouni Fortress built by King Argishti in the 8th century BC. In 1998 Armenia celebrated the 2780 anniversary of Yerevan. Yerevan is the center of Armenian culture and science,National Academy of Sciences of Armenia home to the National Academy of Sciences, as well as the Matenadaran, which contains thousands of ancient manuscripts. Several institutes of higher education as well as museums and concert halls can also be found in the capital.

 

 

 

Yerevan at nightToday a walk through Yerevan will reveal the splendor of the city's architecture in its multicolored tufa stone buildings and beautiful gurgling fountains, which are a special feature of the city. The large cascade of  fountains in the city's center at Republic Square are known as the Singing Fountains and are lit in different colors and accompanied by music to which the water dances and plays. Republic Square is in the center of the city and is dominated by government buildings. Yerevan is a city of parks, wide streets and spacious squares.

 

 

Lake SevanLake Sevan, an hour and half drive outside of the Yerevan city, is the largest lake in the region. The lake is situated 2,000 meters above sea level. The lake's sandy beaches and pure cool water receive an abundance of sunshine providing excellent conditions for swimming and sun bathing.

 

 

As of 1999 data, the population of Armenia is 3.7 mln., with 1.2 mln. living in Yerevan. Armenia's geographical location is very convenient for connections with all the countries of Europe, Middle East, Asia, and CIS countries.

The national currency of Armenia is Dram.
Current exchange rate could be obtained from Central Bank of the Republic of Armenia homepage.

 

Some other Armenian links:

News agencies:



 

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