Armenia is a country of high mountains, forestry canyons,
gurgling springs and flowering meadows. This land of ancient culture, old
legends and Biblical stories is often called an open-air museum.
history dates back to the third millennium BC. The Armenian upland is considered
as one of the cradles of human civilization. Primitive stone tools, made about
half a million years ago are found at the foothills of Mt. Aragats and in the
canyon of River Hrazdan. The country was mentioned in the Bible as the Armenian
Kingdom, Urartu, and shown among six countries on the Babylonian clay
tablet (5th century BC).
Christianity in Armenia began since the times when Christ's Apostles
St. Thaddeus and Bartholomew preached in Armenia around 100 AD. St.
Grigor the Illuminator was tortured and imprisoned by the King Trdat for
his attempts to establish Christianity.
are among oldest and most distinct ethnic groups, having inhabited
the area east and south of the Black Sea since the seventh century BC.
the Armenian alphabet and the Armenian church date back to the fourth century
and remain substantially unchanged today. Ancient Armenia has left a legacy
of many gifted artists, writers, and philosophers.
Since 11th century Armenia lost its independence and for
centuries remained under the rule of other states. In 1918 Armenia declared
its independence by forming the first Republic on May 28. For 70 years,
beginning from 1920, Armenia had been one of the Soviet Republics. In 1991
Armenia regained independence, becoming a Presidential Republic. The present
Constitution of Armenia was adopted on July 5, 1995. Armenia joined the
CIS in March 1992 and CIS Defence Treaty in May 1992.
Armenia is situated in the South-western Asia, has aterritory
of 29.800 sq. km. and altitudes 1000 to 2500 m above the sea level. Its climate
ranges from dry subtropical to cold mountain weather. The information about
current weather in Yerevan, Armenia could be obtained from one of
the following sources:
is the capital of Armenia. The city inherited its name from the Erebouni Fortress
built by King Argishti in the 8th century BC. In 1998 Armenia
celebrated the 2780 anniversary of Yerevan. Yerevan is the center of Armenian
culture and science,
home to the National Academy of
Sciences, as well as the Matenadaran,
which contains thousands of ancient manuscripts. Several institutes of higher
education as well as museums and concert halls can also be found in the capital.
a walk through Yerevan will reveal the splendor of the city's architecture in
its multicolored tufa stone buildings and beautiful gurgling fountains, which
are a special feature of the city. The large cascade of fountains in the
city's center at Republic Square are known as the Singing Fountains and are
lit in different colors and accompanied by music to which the water dances and
plays. Republic Square is in the center of the city and is dominated by government
buildings. Yerevan is a city of parks, wide streets and spacious squares.
Sevan, an hour and half drive outside of the Yerevan city, is the largest
lake in the region. The lake is situated 2,000 meters above sea level. The lake's
sandy beaches and pure cool water receive an abundance of sunshine providing
excellent conditions for swimming and sun bathing.
As of 1999 data, the population of Armenia is 3.7 mln., with 1.2 mln.
living in Yerevan. Armenia's geographical location is very convenient for connections
with all the countries of Europe, Middle East, Asia, and CIS countries.
The national currency of
Armenia is Dram.
Current exchange rate could be obtained from Central
Bank of the Republic of Armenia homepage.